Add optional Zstandard compression
Zstandard provides much faster compression and decompression than gzip at any compression ratio. The "zstandard" Python package is an optional dependency to enable this new feature.
I tried running
ligolw_sqlite on a recent gstlal coinc database
to convert it to XML. The uncompressed XML file took 32 seconds to
write and was 300M in size. The gzip-compressed XML file took 52
seconds and was 98M. The Zstandard-compressed XML file took 35
seconds and was 87M in size.
In short, Zstandard compression will give comparable file sizes to gzip but with compression/decompression time that is negligible compared to LIGO-LW processing itself.